Words matter: How to reduce gender bias with word choice

Jun 12, 2022

Journal Reference: Stav Atir. Girlboss? Highlighting versus downplaying gender through language. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 2022; DOI: 10.1016/j.tics.2022.05.001 “If anyone suggested saying ‘female politician’ or ‘lady scientist,’ I think many would say ‘No, thank you,'” says Atir, an assistant professor at the University of Wisconsin Madison who studies how gender bias can affect perceptions of professionals. The gender-neutral approach involves using words like “busines ...read more

New insights on infant word learning

Jun 11, 2022

Journal Reference: Elizabeth M. Clerkin, Linda B. Smith. Real-world statistics at two timescales and a mechanism for infant learning of object names. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2022; 119 (18) DOI: 10.1073/pnas.2123239119 The work, recently published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, is led by Linda Smith, Distinguished Professor in the College of Arts and Sciences’ Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences at IU Bloomington, and Elizabeth C ...read more

Pregnant women produce super antibodies to protect newborns, now scientists know how

Jun 10, 2022

Journal Reference: Erickson, J.J., Archer-Hartmann, S., Yarawsky, A.E. et al. Pregnancy enables antibody protection against intracellular infection. Nature, 2022 DOI: 10.1038/s41586-022-04816-9 Now, a far-reaching study published June 8, 2022, in Nature, provides a surprising explanation of how those early days of mother-provided immunity actually work-and what that information could mean for preventing death and disability from a wide range of infectious diseases. The findings suggest that ...read more

High optimism linked with longer life and living past 90 in women across racial, ethnic groups

Jun 10, 2022

Journal Reference: Hayami K. Koga, Claudia Trudel‐Fitzgerald, Lewina O. Lee, Peter James, Candyce Kroenke, Lorena Garcia, Aladdin H. Shadyab, Elena Salmoirago‐Blotcher, JoAnn E. Manson, Francine Grodstein, Laura D. Kubzansky. Optimism, lifestyle, and longevity in a racially diverse cohort of women. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 2022; DOI: 10.1111/jgs.17897 “Although optimism itself may be affected by social structural factors, such as race and ethnicity, our research sug ...read more

Link between exercise intensity and risk of infection

Jun 7, 2022

Journal Reference: Benedikt Mutsch, Marie Heiber, Felix Grätz, Rainer Hain, Martin Schönfelder, Stephanie Kaps, Daniela Schranner, Christian J. Kähler, Henning Wackerhage. Aerosol particle emission increases exponentially above moderate exercise intensity resulting in superemission during maximal exercise. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2022; 119 (22) DOI: 10.1073/pnas.2202521119 Before the study it was known that the respiratory volume for untrained people increases fr ...read more

AI ethical decision making: Is society prepared?

Jun 6, 2022

Journal Reference: Johann Caro-Burnett, Shinji Kaneko. Is Society Ready for AI Ethical Decision Making? Lessons from a Study on Autonomous Cars. Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics, 2022; 98: 101881 DOI: 10.1016/j.socec.2022.101881 The team published their findings on May 6, 2022, in the Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics. In the first of two experiments, the researchers presented 529 human subjects with an ethical dilemma a driver might face. In the scenario the ...read more

Young adults turn crushes into love

Jun 6, 2022

Journal Reference: Paul W Eastwick, Samantha Joel, Kathleen L Carswell, Daniel C Molden, Eli J Finkel, Shelley A Blozis. Predicting romantic interest during early relationship development: A preregistered investigation using machine learning. European Journal of Personality, 2022; 089020702210858 DOI: 10.1177/08902070221085877 The study, published May 28, is the first of its kind to look at early relationship development — the time period in which people experience rising and falling roma ...read more

About 3 grams a day of omega-3 fatty acids may lower blood stress, more research needed

Jun 5, 2022

Journal Reference: Xin Zhang, Jennifer A. Ritonja, Na Zhou, Bingshu E. Chen, Xinzhi Li. Omega‐3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids Intake and Blood Pressure: A Dose‐Response Meta‐Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials. Journal of the American Heart Association, 2022; DOI: 10.1161/JAHA.121.025071 Omega-3 fatty acids docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) are typically found in fatty fish, such as salmon, tuna, sardines, trout, herring and oysters. Some people also take c ...read more

Children who attend schools with more traffic noise show slower cognitive development

Jun 4, 2022

Journal Reference: Maria Foraster, Mikel Esnaola, Mónica López-Vicente, Ioar Rivas, Mar Álvarez-Pedrerol, Cecilia Persavento, Nuria Sebastian-Galles, Jesus Pujol, Payam Dadvand, Jordi Sunyer. Exposure to road traffic noise and cognitive development in schoolchildren in Barcelona, Spain: A population-based cohort study. PLOS Medicine, 2022; 19 (6): e1004001 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1004001 The study, which forms part of the BREATHE project and was led by researchers Maria Foraster and Jo ...read more

How high-intensity interval training can reshape metabolism

Jun 3, 2022

Journal Reference: Ben Stocks, Anders Krogh Lemminger, Morten Hostrup, Alba Gonzalez-Franquesa, Jeppe Kjærgaard Larsen, Julia Prats Quesada, Martin Thomassen, Brian Tate Weinert, Jens Bangsbo, Atul Shahaji Deshmukh. High-intensity interval training remodels the proteome and acetylome of human skeletal muscle. eLife, 2022; 11 DOI: 10.7554/eLife.69802 The findings suggest that HIIT boosts the amount of proteins in skeletal muscle that are essential for energy metabolism and muscle contractio ...read more