Mobile app provides effective support for children with obesity

Jun 1, 2022

Journal Reference: Emilia Hagman, Linnea Johansson, Claude Kollin, Erik Marcus, Andreas Drangel, Love Marcus, Claude Marcus, Pernilla Danielsson. Effect of an interactive mobile health support system and daily weight measurements for pediatric obesity treatment, a 1-year pragmatical clinical trial. International Journal of Obesity, 2022; DOI: 10.1038/s41366-022-01146-8 The care of children and adolescents with obesity needs to be improved. International studies show that frequent follow-up more

Mothers of twins are not more fertile, just lucky

May 31, 2022

Journal Reference: Ian J. Rickard, Colin Vullioud, François Rousset, Erik Postma, Samuli Helle, Virpi Lummaa, Ritva Kylli, Jenni E. Pettay, Eivin Røskaft, Gine R. Skjærvø, Charlotte Störmer, Eckart Voland, Dominique Waldvogel, Alexandre Courtiol. Mothers with higher twinning propensity had lower fertility in pre-industrial Europe. Nature Communications, 2022; 13 (1) DOI: 10.1038/s41467-022-30366-9 In humans, twinning usually occurs in about 1-3% of all births. Twinning is found in all more

New research shows no evidence of structural brain change with short-term mindfulness training

May 30, 2022

Journal Reference: Tammi R. A. Kral, Kaley Davis, Cole Korponay, Matthew J. Hirshberg, Rachel Hoel, Lawrence Y. Tello, Robin I. Goldman, Melissa A. Rosenkranz, Antoine Lutz, Richard J. Davidson. Absence of structural brain changes from mindfulness-based stress reduction: Two combined randomized controlled trials. Science Advances, 2022; 8 (20) DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.abk3316 Yet it has remained an open question whether mindfulness interventions, like meditation, can alter the brain’s structur more

Designers find better solutions with computer help, but sacrifice creative touch

May 30, 2022

Journal Reference: Liwei Chan, Yi-Chi Liao, George B Mo, John J Dudley, Chun-Lien Cheng, Per Ola Kristensson, Antti Oulasvirta. Investigating Positive and Negative Qualities of Human-in-the-Loop Optimization for Designing Interaction Techniques. ACM CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, 2022 DOI: 10.1145/3491102.3501850 Oulasvirta and colleagues tested an alternative, computer-assisted method that uses an algorithm to search through a design space, the set of possible soluti more

Researchers discover immune system changes that support peanut allergy remission in children

May 29, 2022

Journal Reference: Sarah E. Ashley, Anya C. Jones, Denise Anderson, Patrick G. Holt, Anthony Bosco, Mimi L. K. Tang. Remission of peanut allergy is associated with rewiring of allergen‐driven T helper 2‐related gene networks. Allergy, 2022; DOI: 10.1111/all.15324 The research showed for the first-time specific gene networks are rewired to drive the transition from peanut allergy to clinical remission following a combination treatment of a probiotic and peanut oral immunotherapy. Led by more

Reducing TV viewing to less than one hour a day could help prevent more than one in ten cases of coronary heart disease

May 28, 2022

Journal Reference: Youngwon Kim, Shiu Lun Au Yeung, Stephen J. Sharp, Mengyao Wang, Haeyoon Jang, Shan Luo, Soren Brage, Katrien Wijndaele. Genetic susceptibility, screen-based sedentary activities and incidence of coronary heart disease. BMC Medicine, 2022; 20 (1) DOI: 10.1186/s12916-022-02380-7 In a study published today in BMC Medicine, the researchers show that — assuming a causal link — 11% of cases of coronary heart disease could be prevented if people watched less than an hour of more

Ancient tooth unlocks mystery of Denisovans in Asia

May 27, 2022

Journal Reference: Fabrice Demeter, Clément Zanolli, Kira E. Westaway, Renaud Joannes-Boyau, Philippe Duringer, Mike W. Morley, Frido Welker, Patrick L. Rüther, Matthew M. Skinner, Hugh McColl, Charleen Gaunitz, Lasse Vinner, Tyler E. Dunn, Jesper V. Olsen, Martin Sikora, Jean-Luc Ponche, Eric Suzzoni, Sébastien Frangeul, Quentin Boesch, Pierre-Olivier Antoine, Lei Pan, Song Xing, Jian-Xin Zhao, Richard M. Bailey, Souliphane Boualaphane, Phonephanh Sichanthongtip, Daovee Sihanam, Elise Pat more

‘I don’t even remember what I learn’: People enter a ‘dissociative state’ when using social media

May 24, 2022

Journal Reference: Amanda Baughan, Mingrui Ray Zhang, Raveena Rao, Kai Lukoff, Anastasia Schaadhardt, Lisa D. Butler, Alexis Hiniker. “I Don’t Even Remember What I Read”: How Design Influences Dissociation on Social Media. CHI 2022 conference, 2022 DOI: 10.1145/3491102.3501899 Researchers at the University of Washington wondered if people enter a similar state of dissociation when surfing social media, and if that explains why users might feel out of control after spending so much tim more

Lifestyle adjustments, meds effective to prevent or delay Type 2 diabetes; no change in CVD

May 24, 2022

Journal Reference: Ronald B. Goldberg, Trevor J. Orchard, Jill P. Crandall, Edward J. Boyko, Matthew Budoff, Dana Dabelea, Kishore M. Gadde, William C. Knowler, Christine G. Lee, David M. Nathan, Karol Watson, Marinella Temprosa. Effects of Long-term Metformin and Lifestyle Interventions on Cardiovascular Events in the Diabetes Prevention Program and Its Outcome Study. Circulation, 2022; DOI: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.121.056756 Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is the most common form of diabetes, affect more

Childhood circumstances and personality traits are associated with loneliness in older age

May 23, 2022

Journal Reference: Sophie Guthmuller. Loneliness among older adults in Europe: The relative importance of early and later life conditions. PLOS ONE, 2022; 17 (5): e0267562 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0267562 Loneliness has been a growing topic of interest over the last decade, as it has been shown to be linked with ill health and to increase with age. Loneliness is correlated with a higher risk of developing mental conditions, a deterioration in physical health, and is linked to mortality and more